yatex / docs / yatexe on 12 Jan 2012 73 KB RCS-Checked in as 1.75
Info file: yatexe,    -*-Text-*-
produced by `texinfo-format-buffer'
from file `yatexe.tex'
using `texinfmt.el' version 2.38 of 3 July 1998.

File: yatexe, Node: Top, Next: What is YaTeX?, Prev: (dir), Up: (dir)

* Menu:

* What is YaTeX?::              
* Main features::               What YaTeX can do
* Installation::                Guide to install
* Typesetting::                 Call typesetting processes
* %#notation::                  Meta-keyword `%#'
* Completion::                  Input LaTeX commands with completion
* Local dictionaries::          Directory dependent completion
* Commenting out::              Commenting/uncommenting text
* Cursor jump::                 Jumping to related position
* Changing and Deleting::       Changing/deleting certain unit of text
* Filling::                     Filling an item or paragraph
* Updation of includeonly::     Free from maintaining includeonly
* What column::                 Check what table-column the cursor belong
* Intelligent newline::         Guess requisites of new line
* Usepackage checker::          Selecting correct \usepackage is YaTeX's job
* Online help::                 On-line documentation of LaTeX
* Browsing file hierarchy::     Walking through file hierarchy
* Cooperation with other packages::  Work well with gmhist, min-out
* Customizations::              How to breed `Wild Bird'
* Etcetera::                    YaTeX is acquisitive.
* Copying::                     Redistribution

File: yatexe, Node: What is YaTeX?, Next: Main features, Prev: Top, Up: Top

What is YaTeX?

  YaTeX automates typesetting and previewing of LaTeX and enables
completing input of LaTeX mark-up command such as

  YaTeX also supports Demacs which runs on MS-DOS(386), Mule (Multi
Language Enhancement to GNU Emacs), and latex on DOS.

File: yatexe, Node: Main features, Next: Installation, Prev: What is YaTeX?, Up: Top

Main features

   * Invocation of typesetter,  previewer and related programs(`C-c t')
   * Typesetting on static region which is independent from point
   * Semiautomatic replacing of `\includeonly'
   * Jumping to error line(`C-c '')
   * Completing-read of LaTeX commands such as `\begin{}',
             `\section' etc. 
             (`C-c b', `C-c s', `C-c l', `C-c m')
   * Enclosing text into LaTeX environments or commands
           (`C-u' ABOVEKEYSTROKES)
   * Displaying the structure of text at entering sectioning commands
   * Lump shifting of sectioning commands (*Note view-sectioning::)
   * Learning unknown/new LaTeX commands for the next completion
   * Argument reading with a guide for complicated LaTeX commands
   * Generating argument-readers for new/unsupported commands(`yatexgen')
   * Quick changing or deleting of LaTeX commands(`C-c c', `C-c k')
   * Jumping from and to inter-file, begin<->end, ref<->label(`C-c g')
   * Blanket commenting out or uncommenting
             (`C-c >', `C-c <', `C-c ,', `C-c .')
   * Easy input of accent mark, math-mode's commands and Greek letters
             (`C-c a', `;', `:')
   * Online help for the popular LaTeX commands
           (`C-c ?', `C-c /')
   * Document files hierarchy browser (`C-c d')
   * Adding automatically \usepackage corresponding to inputting LaTeX
           macro with completion
   * Allow you to forget creating \label{}s, \ref or \cite completion
           automatically generate labels.

File: yatexe, Node: Installation, Next: Typesetting, Prev: Main features, Up: Top


  Put next two expressions into your `~/.emacs'.

             (setq auto-mode-alist
                   (cons (cons "\\.tex$" 'yatex-mode) auto-mode-alist))
             (autoload 'yatex-mode "yatex" "Yet Another LaTeX mode" t)

Next, add certain path name where you put files of YaTeX to your
load-path.  If you want to put them in `~/src/emacs', write

            (setq load-path
                  (cons (expand-file-name "~/src/emacs") load-path))

in your `~/.emacs'

  Then, yatex-mode will be automatically loaded when you visit a
file which has extension `.tex'.  If yatex-mode is successfully
loaded, mode string on mode line will be turned to "YaTeX".

File: yatexe, Node: Typesetting, Next: %#notation, Prev: Installation, Up: Top


  The prefix key stroke of yatex-mode is `C-c' (Press 'C' with Control
key) by default.  If you don't intend to change the prefix key stroke,
assume all `[prefix]' as `C-c' in this document.  These key
strokes execute typeset or preview command.

`[prefix] t j'
             ... invoke latex
`[prefix] t r'
             ... invoke latex on region
`[prefix] t e'
             ... invoke latex on current environment or whole
              portion of current formulas in math-mode.
`[prefix] t k'
             ... kill current typesetting process
`[prefix] t b'
             ... invoke bibtex
`[prefix] t i'
             ... invoke makeindex
`[prefix] t d'
             ... invoke latex && dvipdfmx
`[prefix] t p'
             ... preview
`[prefix] t l'
             ... lpr dvi-file
`[prefix] t s'
             ... search current string on xdvi-remote

* Menu:

* Calling typesetter::          
* Calling previewer::           
* Printing out::                

File: yatexe, Node: Calling typesetter, Next: Calling previewer, Prev: Typesetting, Up: Typesetting

Calling typesetter

  Typing `[prefix] t j', the current editing window will be divided
horizontally when you invoke latex command, and log message of LaTeX
typesetting will be displayed in the other window; called typesetting
buffer.  The typesetting buffer automatically scrolls up and traces LaTeX
warnings and error messages.  If you see latex stopping by an error, you
can send string to latex in the typesetting buffer.

  If an error stops the LaTeX typesetting, this key stroke will move the
cursor to the line where LaTeX error is detected.

`[prefix] ''
`([prefix]+single quotation)'

             ... jump to the previous error or warning

  If you find a noticeable error, move to the typesetting buffer and move
the cursor on the line of error message and type `SPACE' key.  This makes
the cursor move to corresponding source line.

  YaTeX-typeset-region invoked by `[prefix] tr' call typesetter for
region.  The region is specified by standard point and mark, or by
`%#BEGIN' and `%#END' marks.  Selected region will be copied to the
temporary file `texput.tex' with the same preamble as the main file of
current editing sources.  Be sure to put all local macro settings in
preamble, not after `\begin{document}'.  The method of specification of
the region is shown in the section *Note %#notation::.

  The documentclass for typeset-region is the same as that of editing file
if you edit one file, and is the same as main file's if you edit splitting

  The `[prefix] te' key automatically marks current inner environment or
inner math mode and then call typeset-region with marked region.  This is
convenient to quick view of current tabular environment or current editing
formulas.  Keeping previewer window for `texput.dvi' is handy for
debugging.  Since `[prefix] te' selects the inner-most environment as
region, it is not suitable for partial typesetting of doubly or more
composed environment.  If you want to do partial typesetting for a nested
environment, use `[prefix] tr' for static-region, which is described in
the section *Note %#notation::.

File: yatexe, Node: Calling previewer, Next: Printing out, Prev: Calling typesetter, Up: Typesetting

Calling previewer

  `[prefix] t p' invokes the TeX previewer.  And if you are using
xdvi-remote, which can be controled from other terminals, `[prefix] t s'
enables you to search current string at the cursor on the running xdvi

File: yatexe, Node: Printing out, Prev: Calling previewer, Up: Typesetting

Printing out

  When you type `[preifx] t l', YaTeX asks you the range of dvi-printing
by default.  You can skip this by invoking it with universal-argument as

             C-u [prefix] tl

File: yatexe, Node: %#notation, Next: Completion, Prev: Typesetting, Up: Top

%# notation

  You can control the typesetting process by describing `%#' notations in
the source text.

* Menu:

* Changing typesetter::         
* Splitting input files::       
* Static region for typesetting::  
* Lpr format::                  
* Editing %# notation::         

File: yatexe, Node: Changing typesetter, Next: Splitting input files, Prev: %#notation, Up: %#notation

To change the `latex' command or to split a source text.

  To change the typesetting command, write


anywhere in the source text.  This is useful for changing typesetter.

File: yatexe, Node: Splitting input files, Next: Static region for typesetting, Prev: Changing typesetter, Up: %#notation

Splitting input files

  And if you split the source text and edit subfile that should be
included from main text.

             %#!latex main.tex

will be helpful to execute latex on main file from sub text buffer.  Since
this command line after `%#!' will be sent to shell literally, next
description makes it convenient to use ghostview as dvi-previewer.

             %#!latex main ; dvi2ps main.dvi > main

Note that YaTeX assumes the component before the last period of the last
word in this line as base name of the main LaTeX source.  The `%f'
notation in this line is replaced by main file name, and `%r' replaced by
root name of main file name.  If you specify `%f' or `%r', YaTeX always
ask you the name of main file at the first typesetting.

  To make best use of the feature of inter-file jumping by `[prefix] g'
(see *Note Cursor jump::), take described below into consideration.

   * You can put split texts in sub directory, but not in sub directory of
     sub directory.
   * In the main text, specify the child file name with relative path name
     such as \include{chap1/sub}, when you include the file in a
   * In a sub-text, write `%#!latex main.tex' even if `main.tex' is in the
     parent directory(not %#!latex ../main.tex).

File: yatexe, Node: Static region for typesetting, Next: Lpr format, Prev: Splitting input files, Up: %#notation

Static region

  Typeset-region by `[prefix] tr' passes the region between point and mark
to typesetting command by default.  But when you want to typeset static
region, enclose the region by `%#BEGIN' and `%#END' as follows.


This is the rule of deciding the region.

  1. If there exists %#BEGIN before point,

       1. If there exists %#END after %#BEGIN,
             * From %#BEGIN to %#END.

       2. If %#END does not exist after %#BEGIN,
             * From %#BEGIN to the end of buffer.

  2. If there does not exist %#BEGIN before point,
        * Between point and mark(standard method of Emacs).

  It is useful to write `%#BEGIN' in the previous line of \begin and
`%#END' in the next line of \`end' when you try complex environment such
as `tabular' many times.  It is also useful to put only `%#BEGIN' alone at
the middle of very long text.  Do not forget to erase `%#BEGIN' `%#END'

File: yatexe, Node: Lpr format, Next: Editing %# notation, Prev: Static region for typesetting, Up: %#notation

Lpr format

  Lpr format is specified by three Lisp variables.  Here are the default
values of them.

             `"dvi2ps %f %t %s | lpr"'
             `"-f %b"'
             `"-t %e"'

  On YaTeX-lpr, `%s' in (1) is replaced by the file name of main text,
`%f' by contents of (2), %t by contents of (3).  At these replacements,
`%b' in (2) is also replaced by the number of beginning page, `%e' in (3)
is replaced by the number of ending page.  But `%f' and `%t' are ignored
when you omit the range of print-out by `C-u [prefix] tl'.

  If you want to change this lpr format temporarily, put a command such as
follows somewhere in the text:

             %#LPR dvi2ps %f %t %s | 4up -page 4 | texfix | lpr -Plp2

  And if you want YaTeX not to ask you the range of printing out, the next
example may be helpful.

             %#LPR dvi2ps %s | lpr

File: yatexe, Node: Editing %# notation, Prev: Lpr format, Up: %#notation

Editing %# notation

  To edit `%#' notation described above, type

`[prefix] %'
             ... editing %# notation menu

and select one of the entry of the menu as follows.

             !)Edit-%#! B)EGIN-END-region L)Edit-%#LPR

Type `!' to edit `%#!' entry, `b' to enclose the region with `%#BEGIN' and
`%#END', and `l' to edit `%#LPR' entry.  When you type `b', all `%#BEGIN'
and `%#END' are automatically erased.

File: yatexe, Node: Completion, Next: Local dictionaries, Prev: %#notation, Up: Top


  YaTeX makes it easy to input the LaTeX commands.  There are several
kinds of completion type, begin-type, section-type, large-type, etc...

* Menu:

* Begin-type completion::       
* Section-type completion::     
* Large-type completion::       
* Maketitle-type completion::   
* Arbitrary completion::        
* End completion::              
* Accent completion::           
* Image completion::            
* Greek letters completion::    

File: yatexe, Node: Begin-type completion, Next: Section-type completion, Prev: Completion, Up: Completion

Begin-type completion

  "Begin-type completion" completes commands of `\begin{env}' ...
`\end{env}'.  All of the begin-type completions begin with this key

`[prefix] b'
             ... start begin-type completion

An additional key stroke immediately completes a frequently used LaTeX
`\begin{}'...`\`end'{}' environment.

`[prefix] b c'
             ...  `\begin{center}...\end{center}'
`[prefix] b d'
             ...  `\begin{document}...\end{document}'
`[prefix] b D'
             ...  `\begin{description}...\end{description}'
`[prefix] b e'
             ...  `\begin{enumerate}...\end{enumerate}'
`[prefix] b E'
             ...  `\begin{equation}...\end{equation}'
`[prefix] b i'
             ...  `\begin{itemize}...\end{itemize}'
`[prefix] b l'
             ...  `\begin{flushleft}...\end{flushleft}'
`[prefix] b m'
             ...  `\begin{minipage}...\end{minipage}'
`[prefix] b t'
             ...  `\begin{tabbing}...\end{tabbing}'
`[prefix] b T'
             ...  `\begin{tabular}...\end{tabular}'
`[prefix] b^T'
             ...  `\begin{table}...\end{table}'
`[prefix] b p'
             ...  `\begin{picture}...\end{picture}'
`[prefix] b q'
             ...  `\begin{quote}...\end{quote}'
`[prefix] b Q'
             ...  `\begin{quotation}...\end{quotation}'
`[prefix] b r'
             ...  `\begin{flushright}...\end{flushright}'
`[prefix] b v'
             ...  `\begin{verbatim}...\end{verbatim}'
`[prefix] b V'
             ...  `\begin{verse}...\end{verse}'

  Any other LaTeX environments are made by completing-read of the Emacs

`[prefix] b SPACE'
             ... begin-type completion

The next message will show up in the minibuffer

             Begin environment(default document): 

by typing `[prefix] b'.  Put the wishing environment with completion in
the minibuffer, and `\begin{env}'...\`\end{env}' will be inserted in the
LaTeX source text.  If the environment you want to put does not exist in
the YaTeX completion table, it will be registered in the user completion
table.  YaTeX automatically saves the user completion table in the user
dictionary file at exiting of emacs.

At the completion of certain environments, the expected initial entry will
automatically inserted such as `\item' for `itemize' environment.  If you
don't want the entry, it can be removed by undoing.

  If you want to enclose some paragraphs which have already been written,
invoke the begin-type completion with changing the case of `b' of key
sequence upper(or invoke it with universal argument by `C-u' prefix).

  The following example encloses a region with `description' environment.

`[prefix] B D'
`(or ESC 1 [prefix] b D)'
`(or  C-u  [prefix] b D)'

             ... begin-type completion for region

  This enclosing holds good for the completing input by `[prefix] b SPC'.
`[prefix] B SPC' enclose a region with the environment selected by

File: yatexe, Node: Section-type completion, Next: Large-type completion, Prev: Begin-type completion, Up: Completion

Section-type completion

  "Section-type completion" completes section-type commands which take an
argument or more such as `\section{foo}'.  To invoke section-type
completion, type

`[prefix] s'
             ... section-type completion

then the prompt

             (C-v for view) \???{} (default documentclass):

will show up in the minibuffer.  Section-type LaTeX commands are completed
by space key, and the default value is selected when you type nothing in
the minibuffer.



prompts you the argument of section-type LaTeX command.  For example, the
following inputs

             \???{} (default documentclass): section
             \section{???}: Hello world.

will insert the string

             \section{Hello world.}

in your LaTeX source.  When you neglect argument such as

             (C-v for view) \???{} (default section): vspace*

YaTeX puts


and move the cursor in the braces.

  In LaTeX command, there are commands which take more than one arguments
such as `\addtolength{\topmargin}{8mm}'.  To complete these commands,
invoke section-type completion with universal argument as,

             C-u 2 [prefix] s (or ESC 2 [prefix] s)

and make answers in minibuffer like this.

             (C-v for view) \???{} (default vspace*): addtolength
             \addtolength{???}: \topmargin
             Argument 2: 8mm

`\addtolength' and the first argument `\topmargin' can be typed easily by
completing read.  Since YaTeX also learns the number of arguments of
section-type command and will ask that many arguments in future
completion, you had better tell the number of arguments to YaTeX at the
first completion of the new word.  But you can change the number of
arguments by calling the completion with different universal argument

  Invoking section-type completion with `[Prefix] S' (Capital `S')
includes the region as the first argument of section-type command.

  The section/large/maketitle type completion can work at the prompt for
the argument of other section-type completion.  Nested LaTeX commands are
efficiently read with the recursive completion by typing YaTeX's
completion key sequence in the minibuffer.

* Menu:

* view-sectioning::             

File: yatexe, Node: view-sectioning, Prev: Section-type completion, Up: Section-type completion


  In the minibuffer at the prompt of section-type command completion,
typing `C-v' shows a list of sectioning commands in source text(The line
with `<<--' mark is the nearest sectioning command).  Then, default
sectioning command appears in the minibuffer.  You can go up/down
sectioning command by typing `C-p'/`C-n', can scrolls up/down the listing
buffer by `C-v'/`M-v', and can hide sectioning commands under certain
level by 0 through 6.  Type `?'  in the minibuffer of sectioning prompt
for more information.

  You can generate this listing buffer (`*Sectioning Lines*' buffer) by
`M-x YaTeX-section-overview'
             ... Generate *Sectioning Lines* buffer

from the LaTeX source buffer.  In this listing buffer, typing `u' on the
sectioning command shifts up the corresponding sectioning command in
source text and `d' shifts down.  After marking lines in the listing
buffer, typing `U' shifts up all sectioning commands in the region, and
`U' shifts down.  Here are all the key bindings of `*Sectioning Lines*'

             ... Jump to corresponding source line
             ... Display corresponding source line
             ... Shift up a sectioning line
             ... Shift down a sectioning line
             ... Shift up sectioning lines in region
             ... Shift down sectioning lines in region
             ... Hide sectioning commands whose level is lower than n

File: yatexe, Node: Large-type completion, Next: Maketitle-type completion, Prev: Section-type completion, Up: Completion

Large-type completion

  "Large-type completion" inputs the font or size changing descriptions
such as `{\large }'.  When you type

`[prefix] l'
             ... large-type completion

the message in the minibuffer

             {\??? } (default large): 

prompts prompts you large-type command with completing-read.  There are
TeX commands to change fonts or sizes, `it', `huge' and so on, in the
completion table.

  Region-based completion is also invoked by changing the letter after
prefix key stroke as `[prefix] L'.  It encloses the region by braces with
large-type command.

File: yatexe, Node: Maketitle-type completion, Next: Arbitrary completion, Prev: Large-type completion, Up: Completion

Maketitle-type completion

  We call it "maketitle-type completion" which completes commands such as
`\maketitle'.  Take notice that maketitle-type commands take no arguments.
Then, typing

`[prefix] m'
             ... maketitle-type completion

begins maketitle-completion.  Above mentioned method is true for
maketitle-completion, and there are LaTeX commands with no arguments in
completion table.

File: yatexe, Node: Arbitrary completion, Next: End completion, Prev: Maketitle-type completion, Up: Completion

Arbitrary completion

  You can complete certain LaTeX command anywhere without typical
completing method as described, by typing

`[prefix] SPC'
             ... arbitrary completion

after the initial string of LaTeX command that is preceded by `\'.

File: yatexe, Node: End completion, Next: Accent completion, Prev: Arbitrary completion, Up: Completion

End completion

  YaTeX automatically detects the opened environment and close it with
\`\end{environment}'.  Though proficient YaTeX users never fail to make
environment with begin-type completion, some may begin an environment
manually.  In that case, type

`[prefix] e'
             ... `end' completion

at the end of the opened environment.

File: yatexe, Node: Accent completion, Next: Image completion, Prev: End completion, Up: Completion

Accent completion

  When you want to write the European accent marks(like `\`{o}'),

`[prefix] a'
             ... accent completion

shows the menu

             1:` 2:' 3:^ 4:" 5:~ 6:= 7:. u v H t c d b

in the minibuffer.  Chose one character or corresponding numeric, and you
will see


in the editing buffer with the cursor positioned in braces.  Type one more
character `o' for example, then


will be completed, and the cursor gets out from braces.

File: yatexe, Node: Image completion, Next: Greek letters completion, Prev: Accent completion, Up: Completion

Image completion of mathematical sign

  Arrow marks, sigma mark and those signs mainly used in the TeX's math
environment are completed by key sequences which imitate the corresponding
symbols graphically.  This completion only works in the math environment.
YaTeX automatically detects whether the cursor located in math environment
or not, and change the behavior of key strokes `;' and `:'.

  By the way, we often express the leftarrow mark by `<-' for example.
Considering such image, you can write `\leftarrow' by typing `<-' after
`;' (semicolon) as a prefix.  In the same way, `\longleftarrow' (`<--') is
completed by typing `;<--', infinity mark which is imitated by `oo' is
completed by typing `;oo'.

  Here are the sample operations in YaTeX math-mode.

     INPUT                   Completed LaTeX commands
     ; < -                   `\leftarrow'
     ; < - -                 `\longleftarrow'
     ; < - - >               `\longleftrightarrow'
     ; o                     `\circ'
     ; o o                   `\infty'

  In any case, you can quit from image completion and can move to the next
editing operation if the LaTeX command you want is shown in the buffer.

  `;' itself in math-environment is inserted by `;;'.  Typing `TAB' in the
midst of image completion shows all of the LaTeX commands that start with
the same name as string you previously typed in.  In this menu buffer,
press `RET' after moving the cursor (by `n', `p', `b', `f') to insert the
LaTeX command.

  To know all of the completion table, type `TAB' just after `;'.  And
here is the sample menu by `TAB' after `;<'.

     KEY             LaTeX sequence          sign
     <               \leq                    <
     <<              \ll                     << 
     <-              \leftarrow              <-
     <=              \Leftarrow              <=

  You can define your favorite key-vs-sequence completion table in the
Emacs-Lisp variable `YaTeX-math-sign-alist-private'.  See also
`yatexmth.el' for the information of the structure of this variable.

File: yatexe, Node: Greek letters completion, Prev: Image completion, Up: Completion

Greek letters completion

  Math-mode of YaTeX provides another image completion, Greek letters
completion in the same method.  After prefix `:', typing `a' makes
`\alpha', `b' makes `\beta' and `g' makes `\gamma' and so on.  First, type
`:TAB' to know all the correspondence of alphabets vs. Greek letters.

  If you will find `;' or `:' doesn't work in correct position of math
environment, it may be a bug of YaTeX.  Please send me a bug report with
the configuration of your text, and avoid it temporarily by typing `;' or
`:' after universal-argument(`C-u') which forces `;' and `:' to work as

File: yatexe, Node: Local dictionaries, Next: Commenting out, Prev: Completion, Up: Top

Local dictionaries

  Tables for completion consist of three dictionaries; `standard
dictionary' built in `yatex.el', `user dictionary' for your common private
commands, and `local dictionary' that is effective in a certain directory.

  When you input the command unknown to YaTeX at a completion in the
minibuffer, YaTeX asks you with the following prompt;

       `foo' is not in table. Register into: U)serDic L)ocalDic N)one D)iscard

In this menu, typing `u' updates your `user dictionary', `l' updates your
local dictionary, `n' updates only on-memory dictionary which go through
only current Emacs session, and `d' updates no dictionary and throws the
new word away.

  If you find this switching feature meaningless and bothersome, put the
next expression into your `~/.emacs'

             (setq YaTeX-nervous nil)

File: yatexe, Node: Commenting out, Next: Cursor jump, Prev: Local dictionaries, Up: Top

Commenting out

  You may want to comment out some region.

`[prefix] >'
             ... comment out region by %
`[prefix] <'
             ... uncomment region

cause an operation to the region between point and mark.

`[prefix] .'
             ... comment out current paragraph
`[prefix] ,'
             ... uncomment current paragraph

comments or uncomments the paragraph where the cursor belongs.  This
`paragraph' means the region marked by the function mark-paragraph, bound
to `ESC h' by default.  It is NOT predictable what will happen when you
continuously comment out some paragraph many times.

  You can also comment out an environment between `\begin' and `\end', or
a `\begin'-\`\end' pair themselves, by making the following key strokes on
the line where `\begin{}' or `\end{}' exists.

`[prefix] >'
             ... comment out from \begin to \`end'
`[prefix] <'
             ... uncomment from \begin to \`end'

comment whole the contents of environment.  Moreover,

`[prefix] .'
             ... comment out \begin and \`end'
`[prefix] ,'
             ... uncomment \begin and \`end'

(un)comments out only environment declaration: `\begin{}' and `\end{}'.
NOTE that even if you intend to comment out some region, invoking
`[prefix] >' on the `\begin',`\end' line decides to work in `commenting
out from `\begin' to `\end'' mode.

File: yatexe, Node: Cursor jump, Next: Changing and Deleting, Prev: Commenting out, Up: Top

Cursor jump

* Menu:

* Jump to corresponding object::  
* Invoking image processor::    
* Jump to main file::           
* Jumping around the environment::  
* Jumping to last completion position::  

File: yatexe, Node: Jump to corresponding object, Next: Invoking image processor, Prev: Cursor jump, Up: Cursor jump

Jump to corresponding object


`[prefix] g'
             ... go to corresponding object

in a certain place move the cursor to the place corresponding to the LaTeX
command of last place.  YaTeX recognize the followings as pairs that have
relation each other.

   * `\begin{}' <-> `\end{}'
   * `%#BEGIN' <-> `%#END'
   * On the image-including line -> corresponding viewer or drawing tool
   * `\label{}' <-> `\ref{}'
   * `\include(\input)' -> included file
   * `\bibitem{}' <-> `\cite{}'

  On a `\begin',`\end' line, typing `[prefix] g' moves the cursor to the
corresponding `\end',`\begin' line, if its partner really exists.  The
behavior on the line `%#BEGIN' and `%#END' are the same.  Note that if the
correspondent of `label/ref' or `cite/bibitem' exists in another file,
that file have to be opened to make a round trip between references by
`[prefix] g'.

  If you type `[prefix] g' on the line of `\include{chap1}', typically in
the main text, YaTeX switches buffer to `chap1.tex'.

`[prefix] 4 g'
             ... go to corresponding object in other window

do the same job as `[prefix] g' except it's done in other window.  Note
that this function doesn't work on `begin/end', `%#BEGIN/%#END' pairs
because it is meaningless.

File: yatexe, Node: Invoking image processor, Next: Jump to main file, Prev: Jump to corresponding object, Up: Cursor jump

Invoking image processor

`image-including line' described above means such lines as
`\epsfile{}'.  If you type `[prefix] g' on that line, YaTeX
automatically searches source of `' and invokes image viewer or
drawing tool correspoinding to it.  For example; if you draw an image
foo.obj with Tgif and enclose its product named foo.eps by `\epsfile'
command.  Typing `[prefix] g' on `\epsfile' line make YaTeX invoke `tgif
foo.obj'.  How a processor is choosen is as follows.

  1. If there is an expression matching with one of the pattern defined in
     `YaTeX-processed-file-regexp-alist', extract file name from regexp
     group surrounded by \\(\\).  (Which group corresponds is written in
     the cdr part of each list.)  If no matches were found, do nothing.
  2. If there is a pattern as `%PROCESSOR' which is defined in the
     variable `YaTeX-file-processor-alist', call that processor giving the
     file name with corresponding extension.
  3. If not, check the existence of each file which is supplied the
     extension in the cdr part of each list of
     `YaTeX-file-processor-alist'.  If any, call the corresponding image
     viewer or drawing tool.

File: yatexe, Node: Jump to main file, Next: Jumping around the environment, Prev: Invoking image processor, Up: Cursor jump

Jump to main file


`[prefix] ^'
             ... visit main file
`[prefix] 4^'
             ... visit main file in other buffer

in a sub text switch the buffer to the main text specified by `%#!'

File: yatexe, Node: Jumping around the environment, Next: Jumping to last completion position, Prev: Jump to main file, Up: Cursor jump

Jumping around the environment

  And these are the functions which work on the current LaTeX environment:

             ... beginning of environment
             ... `end' of environment
             ... mark environment

File: yatexe, Node: Jumping to last completion position, Prev: Jumping around the environment, Up: Cursor jump

Jumping to last completion position

YaTeX always memorize the position of completion into register `3'.  So
every time you make a trip to any other part of text other than you are
writing, you can return to the editing paragraph by calling
register-to-point with argument YaTeX-current-position-register, which is
achieved by typing `C-x j 3'(by default).

File: yatexe, Node: Changing and Deleting, Next: Filling, Prev: Cursor jump, Up: Top

Changing and Deleting

  These functions are for change or deletion of LaTeX commands already

`[prefix] c'
             ... change LaTeX command
`[prefix] k'
             ... kill LaTeX command

* Menu:

* Changing LaTeX commands::     
* Killing LaTeX commands::      

File: yatexe, Node: Changing LaTeX commands, Next: Killing LaTeX commands, Prev: Changing and Deleting, Up: Changing and Deleting

Changing LaTeX commands

`[prefix] c' can change the various (La)TeX commands.  This can change the
   * Environment names
   * Section-type commands
   * Argument of section-type commands
   * Optional parameters (enclosed by []) of section-type commands
   * Font/size designators
   * Math-mode's maketitle-type commands that can be inputted with image

  Typing `[prefix] c' on one of above objects you want to change brings a
suitable reading function sometimes with completion.  Note: If you want to
change the argument of section-type command that contains other LaTeX
commands, type `[prefix] c' either of surrounding braces of the argument
in order to make YaTeX ignore the internal LaTeX sequences as an object of
changing.  Anyway, it is very difficult to know which argument position
the cursor belongs because the LaTeX commands can be nested and braces can
freely emerge.  So keep it mind to put the cursor on a brace when you are
thinking of changing a complicated argument.

File: yatexe, Node: Killing LaTeX commands, Prev: Changing LaTeX commands, Up: Changing and Deleting

Killing LaTeX commands

  `[prefix] k' kills the LaTeX commands sometimes with their arguments.
Following table illustrates the correspondence of the invoking position
and what is killed.

     [Invoking position]             [action]
     \begin, \end line               kill \begin,\end pairs
     %#BEGIN, %#END line             kill %#BEGIN,%#END pairs
     on a Section-type command       kill section-type command
     on a parenthesis                kill parentheses

Note that when killing `\begin, \end' or `%#BEGIN, %#END' pair, the lines
`\begin, \end' or `%#BEGIN, %#END' exist will be killed entirely.  So take
care not to create any line that contains more than one `\begin' or so.

While all operations above are to kill `containers' which surround some
text, universal argument (`C-u') for these commands kills not only
`containers' but also `contents' of them.  See below as a sample.

     Original text:                  [prefix] k      C-u [prefix] k
     Main \footnote{note} here.    Main note here. Main  here.

File: yatexe, Node: Filling, Next: Updation of includeonly, Prev: Changing and Deleting, Up: Top


Filling an item

  To fill a term (descriptive sentences) of `\item', type

             ... fill item

on that item.

  YaTeX uses the value of the variable `YaTeX-item-regexp' as the regular
expression to search item header in itemize environment.  If you make a
newcommand to itemize terms(e.g. `\underlineitem'), put

             (setq YaTeX-item-regexp

in your `~/.emacs'.  If you are not familiar with regular expression for
Emacs-Lisp, name a newcommand for `itemize' beginning with `\item' such as
`\itembf', not `\bfitem'.

  This function reformats the `\item' into `hang-indented' style.  For

     itemize, enumerate environment:
            >\item[foo] `foo' is the typical word for describing an
            >           arbitrarily written....
     description environment:
            > \item[bar] When the word `for' is used as an arbitrarily
            >        word, `bar'  is bound to follow it.

  Note that the indent depth of an `\item' word and its descriptive
paragraph are the same in latter case.  If you want to use different
depth, invoke fill-paragraph at the beginning of non-whitespace
character(see below).

Filling paragraph

  Fill-paragraph is little bit adapted for LaTeX sources.  It retains from
filling in certain environments where formatting leads to a disaster such
as verbatim, tabular, or so.  And it protects `\verb' expressions from
being folded (The variable `YaTeX-verb-regexp' controls this).  Besides,
putting cursor on the first occurrence of non-whitespace character on a
line changes the fill-prefix temporarily to the depth of the line.

File: yatexe, Node: Updation of includeonly, Next: What column, Prev: Filling, Up: Top

Updation of `\includeonly'

  When you edit splitting source texts, the notation


in the main file reduces the time of typesetting.  If you want to hack
other file a little however, you have to rewrite it to


in the main file.  YaTeX automatically detects that the current edited
text is not in includeonly list and prompts you

             A)dd R)eplace %)comment?

in the minibuffer.  Type `a' if you want to add the current file name to
`\includeonly' list, `r' to replace \`includeonly' list with the current
file, and type `%' to comment out the `\includeonly' line.

File: yatexe, Node: What column, Next: Intelligent newline, Prev: Updation of includeonly, Up: Top

What column?

  We are often get tired of finding the corresponding column in large
tabulars.  For example,

              Name&Position&Post No.&Addr.&Phone No.&FAX No.&
                     Home Addr.&Home Phone\\ \hline
              Thunder Bird & 6 & 223 & LA & xxx-yyy &
               zzz-www & Japan & 9876-54321 \\
                & 2 & \multicolumn{2}{c|}{Unknown}
              \\ \hline

Suppose you have the cursor located at `(???)' mark, can you tell which
column it is belonging at once?  Maybe no.  In such case, type

`[prefix] &'
             ... What column

in that position.  YaTeX tells you the column header of the current field.
Since YaTeX assumes the first line of tabular environment as a row of
column headers, you can create a row of virtual column headers by putting
them in the first line and commenting that line with `%'.

File: yatexe, Node: Intelligent newline, Next: Usepackage checker, Prev: What column, Up: Top

Intelligent newline

  At the end of begin-type completion of tabular[*], array, itemize,
enumerate or tabbing environment, or typing

             ... Intelligent newline

in these environments inserts the contents corresponding to the current
environment in the next line.  (At the begin-type completion, this
contents can be removed by `undo'.)  In `tabular' environment, for
example, `ESC RET' inserts the certain number of `&' and trailing `\\',
and `\hline' if other `\hline' is found in backward.  Here are the list of
contents vs. environments.

   * `tabular', `tabular*', `array'

             Corresponding number of `&' and `\\'.  And `\hline' if

   * `tabbing'

             The same number of `\>' as `\=' in the first line.

   * `itemize', `enumerate', `description', `list'

             `\item' or `item[]'.

  Note that since this function works seeing the contents of the first
line, please call this after the second line if possible.

  If you want to apply these trick to other environments, `foo'
environment for example, define the function named
`YaTeX-intelligent-newline-foo' to insert corresponding contents.  That
function will be called at the beginning of the next line after the
newline is inserted to the current line.  Since the function
`YaTeX-indent-line' is designed to indent the current line properly,
calling this function before your code to insert certain contents must be
useful.  See the definition of the function
`YaTeX-intelligent-newline-itemize' as an example.

File: yatexe, Node: Usepackage checker, Next: Online help, Prev: Intelligent newline, Up: Top

Usepackage checker

When you input begint-type, section-type, maketitle-type macros with
completion, and it requires some LaTeX2e package, YaTeX examines the
existence of correct `\usepackage'.  If not, YaTeX inserts the
`\usepackage{}' declaration corresponding to input macro.

To activate the package completion for your favarite package, set the
variable `YaTeX-package-alist-private' correctly.  Please refere the value
of `YaTeX-package-alist-default' as an example.

File: yatexe, Node: Online help, Next: Browsing file hierarchy, Prev: Usepackage checker, Up: Top

Online help

  YaTeX provides you the online help with popular LaTeX commands.

  Here are the key strokes for the online help.

`[prefix] ?'
             ... Online help
`[prefix] /'
             ... Online apropos

Online help

  `Online help' shows the documentation for the popular LaTeX
commands(defaults to the commands on the cursor) in the next buffer.
There are two help file, `global help' and `private help'.  The former
file contains the descriptions on the standard LaTeX command and is
specified its name by variable `YaTeX-help-file'.  Usually, the global
help file should be located in public space (`$EMACSEXECPATH' by default)
and should be world writable so that anyone can update it to enrich its
contents.  The latter file contains descriptions on non-standard or
personal command definitions and is specified by
`YaTeX-help-file-private'.  This file should be put into private

Online apropos

  `Online apropos' is an equivalent of GNU Emacs's apropos.  It shows all
the documentations that contains the keyword entered by the user.

When no descriptions are found...

  If there is no description on a command in help files, YaTeX requires
you to write a description on that command.  If you are willing to do,
determine which help file to add and write the description on it referring
your manual of (La)TeX.  Please send me your additional descriptions if
you describe the help on some standard commands.  I might want to include
it in the next distribution.

File: yatexe, Node: Browsing file hierarchy, Next: Cooperation with other packages, Prev: Online help, Up: Top

Browsing file hierarchy

  When you are editing multi-file source, typing

`[prefix] d'
             ... browse file hierarchy

asks you the parent-most file (which may be defaulted) and displays the
documentation hierarchy in the next window.  In this buffer, the following
commands are available.

             ... move to the next line and show its contents
             ... move to the previous line and show its contents
             ... move to the next file in the same inclusion level
             ... move to the previous file in the same inclusion level
             ... move to the next line
             ... move to the previous line
             ... move to the parent file
             ... show the current files contents in the next window
             ... scroll up the current file window
`DEL, b'
             ... scroll down the current file window
             ... show the beginning of the current file
             ... show the end of the current file
             ... return to the previous postion after `<' or `>'
`RET, g'
             ... open the current file in the next window
             ... same as RET(available only with window system)
             ... other window
             ... delete other windows
             ... shrink hierarchy buffer window
             ... enlarge hierarchy buffer window
             ... describe mode
             ... quit

  Note that operations on the file contents in the next window do not work
correctly when you close the corresponding file.

File: yatexe, Node: Cooperation with other packages, Next: Customizations, Prev: Browsing file hierarchy, Up: Top

Cooperation with other packages

  YaTeX works better with other brilliant packages.


  When you are loading `gmhist.el' and `gmhist-mh.el', you can use
independent command history list at the prompt of preview command
(`[prefix] tp') and print command (`[prefix] tl').  On each prompt, you
can enter the previous command line string repeatedly by typing `M-p'.


  `min-out', the outline minor mode, can be used in yatex-mode buffers.
If you want to use it with YaTeX, please refer the file `yatexm-o.el' as
an example.

File: yatexe, Node: Customizations, Next: Etcetera, Prev: Cooperation with other packages, Up: Top


  You can customize YaTeX by setting Emacs-Lisp variables and by making
add-in functions.

* Menu:

* Lisp variables::              
* Add-in functions::            
* Add-in generator::            

File: yatexe, Node: Lisp variables, Next: Add-in functions, Prev: Customizations, Up: Customizations

Lisp variables

  You can change the key assignments or make completion more comfortable
by setting the values of various variables which control the movement of

  For example, if you want to change the prefix key stroke from `C-c' to
any other sequence, set YaTeX-prefix to whatever you want to use.  If you
don't want to use the key sequence `C-c letter' which is assumed to be the
user reserved sequence in Emacs world, set `YaTeX-inhibit-prefix-letter'
to `t', and all of the default key bind of `C-c letter' will turn to the
corresponding `C-c C-letter' (but the region based completions that is
invoked with `C-c Capital-letter' remain valid, if you want to disable
those bindings, set that variable to 1 instead of `t').

* Menu:

* All customizable variables::  
* Sample definitions::          
* Hook variables::              
* Hook file::                   

File: yatexe, Node: All customizable variables, Next: Sample definitions, Prev: Lisp variables, Up: Lisp variables

All customizable variables

  Here are the customizable variables of yatex-mode.  Each value setq-ed
in `~/.emacs' is preferred and that of defined in `yatex.el' is neglected.
Parenthesized contents stands for the default value.  When you are to
change some of these variables, see more detailed documentation of the
variable by `M-x describe-variable'.

 -- Variable: YaTeX-japan
     Set this nil to produce all messages in English (`Depends on Japanese
     feature of Emacs')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-kanji-code
     Default buffer-file-coding-system for YaTeX modes' buffer.  Set this
     0 to no language conversion.  Nil to preserve original
     coding-system. 1=Shift JIS, 2=JIS, 3=EUC, 4=UTF-8 (`1 or 2')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-prefix
     Prefix key stroke (`C-c')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-inhibit-prefix-letter
     Change key stroke from `C-c letter' to `C-c C-letter' (`nil')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-fill-prefix
     Fill-prefix used in yatex-mode (`nil')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-user-completion-table
     Name of user dictionary where learned completion table will be
     stored.  (`"~/.yatexrc"')

 -- Variable: tex-command
     LaTeX typesetter command (`"latex"')

 -- Variable: dvi2-command
     Preview command (`"xdvi -geo +0+0 -s 4"')

 -- Variable: dviprint-command-format
     Command format to print dvi file (`"dvi2ps %f %t %s | lpr"')

 -- Variable: dviprint-from-format
     Start page format of above %f. %b will turn to start page (`"-f %b"')

 -- Variable: dviprint-to-format
     End page format of above %t. %e will turn to `end' page (`"-t %e"')

 -- Variable: makeindex-command
     Default makeindex command (`"makeindex"' (`"makeind"' on MS-DOS))

 -- Variable: YaTeX-dvipdf-command
     Default command name to convert .dvi to PDF (`"dvipdfmx"')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-need-nonstop
     Put `\nonstopmode{}' or not (`nil')

 -- Variable: latex-warning-regexp
     Regular expression of warning message latex command puts out
     (`"line.* [0-9]*"')

 -- Variable: latex-error-regexp
     Regular expression of error message (`"l\\.[1-9][0-9]*"')

 -- Variable: latex-dos-emergency-message
     Message latex command running on DOS puts at abort (`"Emergency

 -- Variable: YaTeX-item-regexp
     Regular expression of item command (`"\\\\item"')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-verb-regexp
     Regexp of verb family.  Omit \\\\. (`"verb\\*?\\|path"')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-nervous
     T for using local dictionary (`t')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-sectioning-regexp
     Regexp of LaTeX sectioning command

 -- Variable: YaTeX-fill-inhibit-environments
     Inhibit fill in these environments (`'("tabular" "tabular*" "array"
     "picture" "eqnarray" "eqnarray*" "equation" "math" "displaymath"
     "verbatim" "verbatim*")')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-uncomment-once
     T for deleting all preceding `%' (`nil')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-close-paren-always
     T for always close all parenthesis automatically, `nil' for only eol

 -- Variable: YaTeX-auto-math-mode
     Switch math-mode automatically (`t')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-math-key-list-private
     User defined alist, math-mode-prefix vs completion alist used in
     image completion (`nil').  See `yatexmth.el' for the information
     about how to define a completion alist.

 -- Variable: YaTeX-default-pop-window-height
     Initial height of typesetting buffer when one-window.  Number for the
     lines of the buffer, numerical string for the percentage of the
     screen-height. `nil' for half height (10)

 -- Variable: YaTeX-help-file
     Global online help file name

 -- Variable: YaTeX-help-file-private
     Private online help file name (`"~/YATEXHLP.eng"')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-no-begend-shortcut
     Disable [prefix] b ?? shortcut (`nil)'

 -- Variable: YaTeX-hilit-pattern-adjustment-private
     List of the list that contain the regular expression and the symbol
     of logical meaning of the string that matches the pattern.  See also
     the value from `(assq 'yatex-mode hilit-patterns-alist)' and the
     value of `YaTeX-hilit-pattern-adjustment-default' (and even the
     document of hilit19.el).

 -- Variable: YaTeX-sectioning-level
     Alist of LaTeX's sectioning command vs its height.

 -- Variable: YaTeX-hierarchy-ignore-heading-regexp
     `YaTeX-display-hierarchy' searches for sectioning command first, and
     comment line secondary as a file headings.  In latter case, ignore lines
     that match with regular expression of this variable.  Default value of
     this variable is RCS header expressions and mode specifying line `-*- xxxx 

 -- Variable: YaTeX-skip-default-reader
     Non-nil for this variable skips the default argument reader of
     section-type command when add-in function for it is not defined

 -- Variable: YaTeX-create-file-prefix-g
     When typing `prefix g' on the `\include' line, open the target file
     even if the file doesn't exist (`nil')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-simple-messages
     Simplyfy messages of various completions (`nil')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-hilit-sectioning-face
     When hilit19 and yatex19 is active, YaTeX colors the sectioning
     commands.  This variable specifies the foreground and background
     color of `\part' macro.  The default value is `'(yellow/dodgerblue
     yellow/slateblue)'.  The first element of this list is for the screen
     when `hilit-background-mode' is `'light', and the second element is
     for `'dark'.  You should specify both color as `forecolor/backcolor'.

 -- Variable: YaTeX-hilit-sectioning-attenuation-rate
     When color mode, this variable specifies how much attenuate the color
     density of `\subparagraph' compared with that of `\chapter' (`'(15
     40)') See also `YaTeX-hilit-sectioning-face'.

 -- Variable: YaTeX-use-AMS-LaTeX
     If you use AMS-LaTeX, set to `t' (`nil')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-use-LaTeX2e
     If you use LaTeX2e, set to `t' (`t')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-template-file
     File name which is automatically inserted at creation

 -- Variable: YaTeX-search-file-from-top-directory
     Non-nil means to search input-files from the directory where main
     file exists (`t')

 -- Variable: YaTeX-use-font-lock
     Use font-lock to fontify buffer or not (`(featurep 'font-lock)'

 -- Variable: YaTeX-use-hilit19
     Use hilit19 to highlight buffer or not (`(featurep 'hilit19)'

 -- Variable: YaTeX-use-italic-bold
     YaTeX tries to search italic, bold fontsets or not (`t' if Emacs-20
     or later).  This variable is effective only when font-lock is used.
     (`(featurep 'hilit19)'

 -- Variable: YaTeX-singlecmd-suffix
     Suffix which is always inserted after maketitle-type macros.  `"{}"'
     is recommended.

 -- Variable: YaTeX-package-alist-private
     Alist of LaTeX2e-package name vs. lists of macros in it.  Set this
     alist properly and YaTeX automatically check the declaratiion of
     `usepackage' for corresponding macro, when you input that macro with
     completion.  If required `usepackage' is not found, YaTeX also
     automatically inserts `\usepackage'.  Alist is as follows;
     '((PackageName1 (completionType ListOfMacro) (completionType
     ListOfMacro)) (PackageName2 (completionType ListOfMacro)
     (completionType ListOfMacro...))....)  completionType is one of `env,
     section, maketitle'.  Consult the value of
     `YaTeX-package-alist-default' as an example.

 -- Variable: YaTeX-tabular-indentation
     At indentation by `C-i' in tabular or array environment, YaTeX put
     the additional spaces to the normail indentation depth.  The number
     of additional spaces is the product of YaTeX-tabular-indentation and
     the number of column position in tabular.

 -- Variable: YaTeX-noindent-env-regexp
     Regexp of environment names that should begin with no indentation.
     All verbatime-like environment name should match with.

 -- Variable: YaTeX-ref-default-label-string
     Default \\ref time string format.  This format is like strftime(3)
     but allowed conversion char are as follows; %y -> Last 2 digit of
     year, %b -> Month name, %m -> Monthe number(1-12), %d -> Day, %H ->
     Hour, %M -> Minute, %S -> Second, %qx -> alphabetical-decimal
     conversion of yymmdd.  %qX -> alphabetical-decimal conversion of
     HHMMSS.  Beware defualt label-string should be always unique.  So
     this format string should have both time part (%H+%M+%S or %qX) and
     date part (%y+(%b|%m)+%d or %qx).

 -- Variable: YaTeX-ref-generate-label-function
     Function to generate default label string for unnamed \\label{}s.
     The function pointed to this value should take two arguments.  First
     argument is LaTeX macro's name, second is macro's argument.  Here is
     an example for using this value.
            (setq YaTeX-ref-generate-label-function 'my-yatex-generate-label)
            (defun my-yatex-generate-label (command value)
              (and (string= command "caption")
                   (re-search-backward "\\\\begin{\\(figure\\|table\\)}" nil t)
                   (setq command (match-string 1)))
              (let ((alist '(("chapter" . "chap")
                             ("section" . "sec")
                             ("subsection" . "subsec")
                             ("figure" . "fig")
                             ("table" . "tbl"))))
                (if (setq command (cdr (assoc command alist)))
                    (concat command ":" value)
                  (YaTeX::ref-generate-label nil nil))))

File: yatexe, Node: Sample definitions, Next: Hook variables, Prev: All customizable variables, Up: Lisp variables

Sample definitions

 For instance, to change the prefix key stroke to `ESC', and name of the
user dictionary `~/src/emacs/yatexrc', and set `fill-prefix' to single TAB
character, add the following `setq' to `~/.emacs'.

             (setq YaTeX-prefix "\e"
                   YaTeX-user-completion-table "~/src/emacs/yatexrc"
                   YaTeX-fill-prefix "       ")

File: yatexe, Node: Hook variables, Next: Hook file, Prev: Sample definitions, Up: Lisp variables

Hook variables

  More customizations will be done by the hook-function defined in
hook-variable `yatex-mode-hook'.  This is useful to define a shortcut key
sequence to enter some environments other than `document' and `enumerate'
etc.  The following statement defines `[prefix] ba' to enter
`\begin{abstract}' ...  `=end{abstract}' immediately.

             (setq yatex-mode-hook
                   '(lambda() (YaTeX-define-begend-key "ba" "abstract")))

        You should use functions `YaTeX-define-key', or
`YaTeX-define-begend-key' to define all the key sequences of yatex-mode.

File: yatexe, Node: Hook file, Prev: Hook variables, Up: Lisp variables

Hook file

  You can stuff all of YaTeX related expressions into a file named
`yatexhks.el' if you have a lot of codes.  YaTeX automatically load this
file at the initialization of itself.  Using `yatexhks.el' makes
`yatex-mode-load-hook' unnecessary.

File: yatexe, Node: Add-in functions, Next: Add-in generator, Prev: Lisp variables, Up: Customizations

Add-in functions

  You can easily define a function to input detailed arguments with
completion according to LaTeX environments or commands.

What is add-in functions?

  When you input `tabular' environment, don't you think "I want YaTeX to
complete its argument toward my favorite one such as `{|c|c|c|}'..."?
Yes, you can define the function to complete arguments for any environment
and any LaTeX commands.


  Here is the procedure to define add-in functions.
  1. Define the function
  2. Put the function into `yatexhks.el'

* Menu:

* How the add-in function works::  
* How the function is called::  
* Useful functions for creating add-in::  
* Contribution::                

File: yatexe, Node: How the add-in function works, Next: How the function is called, Prev: Add-in functions, Up: Add-in functions

How the add-in function works

There are three types of add-in.

  1. Option add-in
  2. argument add-in
  3. enclosing add-in

"Option add-in" returns the LaTeX's optional parameters such as optional
strings after `\begin{ENV}', optional strings between a section-type
command and its first argument, and optional strings just after type
maketitle-type command.  The following illustrates the name of add-in
functions, where underlined strings are generated by add-in functions.

     \begin{table}[ht]		(Function name: YaTeX:table)
     \put(100,200){}		(Function name: YaTeX:put)
     \sum_{i=0}^{n}		(Function name: YaTeX:sum)

  Obviously, the function name is decided by concatenating the prefix
`YaTeX:' and LaTeX command's name.

  Another add-in type is "argument add-in", which completes arguments for
section-type commands.

     \newcommand{\foo}{bar}	(Function name: YaTeX::newcommand)
                 ~~~~  ~~~

  When the section-type command is inputted, the function named by
concatenating `YaTeX::' and section-type command, is called automatically
with an integer argument which indicates which argument of section-type
command is being read.  Thus the add-in should determine the job referring
the value of its argument.

  "enclosing add-in" is for modifying and/or checking the region that will
be enclosed by section-type commands via `[prefix] S'.  An enclosing
add-in function will be called with two arguments, beginning of the
enclosed region and end of the region.  Suppose you want to enclose the
existing text `(a+b)/c' by `\frac{}'.

     |  |
     A  B

You do set-mark-command at point A and then move to point B.  Typing
`[prefix] S' and input `frac' enclose the region like this;


Normally, the expression `a/c' is translated to `\frac{a}{c}'. An
enclosing add-in is useful for modifying `/' to `}{'.

* Menu:

* Defining option-add-in::      
* Defining argument-add-in::    
* Defining enclosing-add-in::   

File: yatexe, Node: Defining option-add-in, Next: Defining argument-add-in, Prev: How the add-in function works, Up: How the add-in function works

Defining `option add-in'

  If you want `{|c|c|c|}' for all `tabular' environment,

             (defun YaTeX:tabular ()

is enough.  If you want more complicated format, define as below.

             (defun YaTeX:tabular ()
               "{@{\\vrule width 1pt\\ }|||@{\\ \\vrule width 1pt}}")

Note that the character `\' must be described as `\\' in Emacs-Lisp.  The
next example reads the tabular format from keyboard.
             (defun YaTeX:tabular ()
               (concat "{" (read-string "Rule: ") "}"))

File: yatexe, Node: Defining argument-add-in, Next: Defining enclosing-add-in, Prev: Defining option-add-in, Up: How the add-in function works

Defining `argument add-in'

  This section describes how to define the add-in function for

  The first argument of `\newcommand' begins always with `\'.  The second
argument is usually so complex that we can not edit them in the
minibuffer.  Here is the created function considering this.

             (defun YaTeX::newcommand (n)	;n is argument position
                ((= n 1)			;1st argument is macro name
                 (read-string "Command: " "\\")) ;initial input `\' 
                ((= n 2) "")			;do nothing when reading arg#2
                (t nil)))

  Note that when the `argument add-in' function return `nil', normal
argument reader will be called.

File: yatexe, Node: Defining enclosing-add-in, Prev: Defining argument-add-in, Up: How the add-in function works

Defining `enclosing add-in'

  This section describes how to define the add-in function for text
enclosed by `\frac{}'.

  When enclosing the text `5/3' by `\frac{}', you might want to replace
`/' with `}{'.  Enclosing function `YaTeX::frac-region' is called with two
arguments, beginning of enclosed text and end of enclosed text.  The
function is expected to replace `/' with `}{'.  Here is an example

     (defun YaTeX::frac-region (beg end)
       (catch 'done
         (while (search-forward "/" end t)
           (goto-char (match-beginning 0))
           (if (y-or-n-p "Replace this slash(/) with `}{'")
     	  (throw 'done (replace-match "}{")))
           (goto-char (match-end 0)))))

File: yatexe, Node: How the function is called, Next: Useful functions for creating add-in, Prev: How the add-in function works, Up: Add-in functions

How the function is called

  YaTeX calls the add-in functions for specified begin-type, section-type,
and maketitle-type command, if any.  `Option add-in' functions for
begin-type are called when `\begin{ENV}' has been inserted, functions for
section-type are called just before input of the first argument, and
functions for maketitle-type is called after maketitle-type command has
been inserted.  `Argument add-in' functions are called at each entry of
arguments for section-type commands.

File: yatexe, Node: Useful functions for creating add-in, Next: Contribution, Prev: How the function is called, Up: Add-in functions

Useful functions for creating add-in

  Many add-in functions for typical LaTeX commands are defined in
`yatexadd.el'.  Those are also useful as references.  Here are the short
descriptions on useful functions, where [F] means function, [A] means
arguments, [D] means description.

     Character list which can show up in the brackets
        Return the location specifier such as `[htb]'.  When nothing is
     entered, omit [] itself.  If the possible characters are "htbp", call
     this function as `(YaTeX:read-position "htbp")'

     Base prompt, X-axis prompt, Y-axis prompt (each optional)
       Read the coordinates with the prompt "BasePrompt X-axisPrompt:" for
     X-axis, "BasePrompt Y-axisPrompt:" for Y-axis, and return it in the
     form of "(X,Y)".  The default prompts are `Dimension', `X', `Y'

     One of the symbols: 'begin, 'section, or 'maketitle
       Check the current completion type is specified one and cause error
     if not. The variable `YaTeX-current-completion-type' holds the symbol
     according to the current completion type.

File: yatexe, Node: Contribution, Prev: Useful functions for creating add-in, Up: Add-in functions


  If you make your own pretty function and you let it be in public, please
send me the function.  I'm going to include it in the next release.

File: yatexe, Node: Add-in generator, Prev: Add-in functions, Up: Customizations

Add-in generator

  First, don't forget to read the section of add-in functions *Note Add-in
functions::.  If you easily understand how to define them, there's no need
to read this section.  But being not familiar with Emacs-Lisp, when you
don't have clear idea what to do, this section describes how to get YaTeX
make add-in function.

  There are two methods of generation.  One is for fully interactive
generator for beginners and another requires little knowledge of

Generator for beginners
  The former generator is called by
                           `M-x YaTeX-generate'

strokes.  All you have to do is follow the guidances.  Defying them may
cases the disaster (I wonder what is it???).  So when you make some
mistake, it is recommendable to type `C-g' and start afresh.

Simple generator

  The latter generator is invoked by the next sequence.  `M-x
YaTeX-generate-simple' This generator can make both "option add-in" and
"argument add-in" (*refer the section add-in functions* *Note How the
add-in function works::), whereas `YaTeX-generate' cannot make "argument

  For example, assume you have the LaTeX command as follows.

     	\epsinput[t](250,50){hoge.eps}{plain}{Picture of foo}
     	         (A)  (B)     (1)      (2)      (3)
     	(A)Optional parameter to specify the position
     	   One of t(top), b(bottom), l(left), r(right)
     	(B)Maximum size of frame
     	(1)1st argument is filename of EPS file
     	(2)2nd argument indicates
     		plain		do nothing
     		frame		make frame around image
     		dframe		make double-frame around image
     	   for included EPS file.
     	(3)Caption for the picture

  Now get start with generation.  Typing `M-x YaTeX-generate-simple'
brings the prompt:
                     (O)ption? (A)rgument?

Generating "option add-in"

  Since (A), (B) above are optional argument, all we have to do to
complete them is define the option add-in for them.  Let's generate the
function to complete (A).

                     M-x YaTeX-generate-simple RET
                     epsinput RET

Typing as above leads the next prompt.

     Read type(1): (S)tring (C)omplete (F)ile ([)option (P)osition co(O)rd. (q)uit

  This asks that "Which type is the completion style of 1st argument?".
Here are the possible completion style.

     read plain string
     read with completion
     read file name
     read optional string (if string omitted, omit [] too)
     read positional option (like [htbp])
     read coordinates
     quit from generating

  Since (A) is the optional argument to specify the location of included
EPS file, the completion style is `Position', and the possible characters
are t, b, l, and r.  To tell these information to generator, operate as

                     Read type(1).... 		p
                     Acceptable characters:		tblr RET

  (B) is coordinate.  So its completion style is coOrd.  We want a prompt
meaning "Maximum size" when completion.

                     Read type(2)....		o
                     Prompt for coordinates:		Max size RET

  That's all for optional argument.  Select quit.

                     Read type(3)....		q

  Then the generated option add-in function for \epsinput will be shown in
the next window.

Generating "argument add-in"

  Next, create the argument add-in.  The arguments for \epsinput are EPS
file name, framing style, and caption string in sequence.

                     M-x YaTeX-generate-simple RET
                     epsinput RET

  Above key strokes bring the prompt that asks the number of argument.
Answer it with 3.

                     How many arguments?: 3 RET

  Then the generator asks the completion style and prompt for completion.
Answer them.  `f' for FileName and prompt string.

                     Read type(1)....		f
                     Prompt for argument#1		EPS file name RET

  The second argument is one of selected symbol.  So the completion type
is `Completion'.

                     Read type(2)....		c
                     Prompt for argument#2		Include style RET

  Then all the candidates ready to be read.  Type single RET after
entering all.

     		Item[1](RET to exit):		plain RET
     		Item[2](RET to exit):		frame RET
     		Item[3](RET to exit):		dframe RET
     		Item[4](RET to exit):		RET

  The following prompt asks whether the entered string must belong to
candidates or not.  In this case, since the argument must be one of
`plain', `frame', and `dframe', type `y'.

                     Require match? (y or n)		y

  The last argument is the caption string for which any completion is

                     Read type(3)....		s
                     Prompt for argument#3		Caption RET
                     default:			Figure of RET

  Finally we'll get the argument add-in in the next window.


  If you get your own pretty function and you let it be in public, please
steel yourself in the happy atmosphere and do not send me the function.  I
do know it is not fine because it is generated by yatexgen:-p.

File: yatexe, Node: Etcetera, Next: Copying, Prev: Customizations, Up: Top


  The standard completion tables provided in `yatex.el' contain a few
LaTeX commands I frequently use.  This is to lessen the key strokes to
complete entire word, because too many candidates rarely used often cause
too many hits.  Therefore always try to use completion in order to enrich
your dictionary, and you will also find `Wild Bird' growing suitable for
your LaTeX style.

  The package name `Wild Bird' is the English translation of Japanese
title `Yachou', which is a trick on words of Japanese.

File: yatexe, Node: Copying, Prev: Etcetera, Up: Top


  This program is distributed as a free software.  You can
use/copy/modify/redistribute this software freely but with NO warranty to
anything as a result of using this software.  Adopting code from this
program is also free.  But I would not do contract act.

Any reports and suggestions are welcome as long as I feel interests in
this software.  My possible e-mail address is `'.  (as of
Jan.2004) And there is mailing list for YaTeX.  Although the common
language is Japanese, questions in English will be welcome.  To join the
ML, send the mail whose subject is `append' to the address
`  If you have some question, please ask to

  The specification of this software will be surely modified (depending on
my feelings) without notice :-p.

                                                              HIROSE Yuuji

Tag table:
Node: Top146
Node: What is YaTeX?1487
Node: Main features1860
Node: Installation3452
Node: Typesetting4229
Node: Calling typesetter5298
Node: Calling previewer7502
Node: Printing out7863
Node: %#notation8155
Node: Changing typesetter8531
Node: Splitting input files8895
Node: Static region for typesetting10319
Node: Lpr format11448
Node: Editing %# notation12505
Node: Completion13024
Node: Begin-type completion13584
Node: Section-type completion16627
Node: view-sectioning19062
Node: Large-type completion20642
Node: Maketitle-type completion21373
Node: Arbitrary completion21925
Node: End completion22315
Node: Accent completion22785
Node: Image completion23402
Node: Greek letters completion25659
Node: Local dictionaries26386
Node: Commenting out27323
Node: Cursor jump28782
Node: Jump to corresponding object29094
Node: Invoking image processor30495
Node: Jump to main file31838
Node: Jumping around the environment32203
Node: Jumping to last completion position32621
Node: Changing and Deleting33130
Node: Changing LaTeX commands33522
Node: Killing LaTeX commands34699
Node: Filling35884
Node: Updation of includeonly37735
Node: What column38532
Node: Intelligent newline39617
Node: Usepackage checker41271
Node: Online help41862
Node: Browsing file hierarchy43537
Node: Cooperation with other packages45274
Node: Customizations45979
Node: Lisp variables46313
Node: All customizable variables47317
Node: Sample definitions57116
Node: Hook variables57629
Node: Hook file58333
Node: Add-in functions58672
Node: How the add-in function works59532
Node: Defining option-add-in61731
Node: Defining argument-add-in62453
Node: Defining enclosing-add-in63335
Node: How the function is called64189
Node: Useful functions for creating add-in64865
Node: Contribution66270
Node: Add-in generator66544
Node: Etcetera71916
Node: Copying72521

End tag table