yatex / docs / qanda.eng
yuuji on 22 May 2002 15 KB Stable version(hope to be)
%% Q and A on YaTeX
%% C-u C-x $ shows only questions.  C-x $ shows all.
(New Item
     *It is bothering for me to determine I should call bibtex or latex...
     *Filling a paragraph doesn't work as I expected.

*Installing the manual
	Copy yatexe to the info directory where your Emacs is installed,
	and add the next line to the dir file of the same directory.
	* YaTeX-e: (yatexe). Yet Another tex-mode for Emacs. (English).

	(After that, M-x info  [RET] m yatex  [RET]  will give you  Wild
	Bird's manual.  Hitting ? will show how to use info)

*I'm a Meadow(Emacs on Win32) user.  I don't have `make' utility
	Make program is needed only for byte-compiling.  So if you do
	not care the subtle speed difference, you don't have to
	byte-compile.  You don't have to look for `make' utility.  The
	simplest way to install yatex without `make'.
	1 Extract this yatex*tar.gz to your Meadow's site-lisp dir.
	2 Add the yatex installed path to your load-path according to
	  `install' file in this package.
*I ain't got the privilege to write in the Info directory...
	 Get yourself made root.  If you can't, have them install Mule2
	and add
		(setq Info-default-directory-list
		      (cons "YOUR INFO DIRECTORY"
	to your ~/.emacs.  Now your personal  files will be added to the
	menu when you  invoke info.  By the way,  Mule1 will not release
	memories, so processes will pile up and be heavier on the system
	compared to Mule2.   Nemacs  has already become obsolete  by the
	developers,  so no further  comments for  usage  of Nemacs.  Get
	yourself Mule2 with flying colors :-)
*Emacs can't find the help file.
	The help  file is  set to  be placed  in $EMACS/etc/ for Nemacs,
	Mule1  and $EMACS/site-lisp/ for Mule2.    If you don't have the
	privilege to put them in a public location, copy it to your home
	directory and set YaTeX-help-file to that file name.
*I can't read info on Nemacs
	The  info file  was  formatted  on  Mule,  so it can't  be  read
	correctly on Nemacs  (or  Demacs based  on Nemacs)  because  the
	internal Japanese processing   is different.  Read  it on  Mule.
	Use the Emacs-Lisp  package in texinfo-3.1.tar.gz to format  the
	Texinfo file.

*I accidentally learned in a wrong LaTeX command.
	There should be  a line with  the wrong command in the  .yatexrc
	file in your home or current directory.  Erase or fix that line,
	and save the results with C-x C-s, then kill  buffer with C-x k.
	Once you make sure the current buffer is your LaTeX source, type
	M-x YaTeX-reload-dictionary.

*I can't comment out the region.
	Probably the point is on a line withe \begin{} or \end{}.  Go up
	or down a line and do C-c >.
*I was asked for a parent file when typesetting, and answered the wrong file.
	Re-read the child file  with C-x C-v  RET or re-type  the parent
	file with C-u C-c ^.
*The typeset buffer is not shown when I get a typeset buffer on Demacs.
	This happens on Demacs 1.2.0, when the  child process returns an
	error  level of 1 or  more.  If  you  are calling  jlatex from a
	batch file, call a dummy  command that always returns errorlevel
	0 at the end.
*How can I enter "\underline{\makebox[4em][l]{x y}{\tt z}}" more easily?
	Recursive completion can be used  for inputting arguments in the
	mini-buffer  of a  section  type  completion.   Following  is an
	example showing the command in question.

						    C-c s und SPC RET
	\underline{???}:				C-c s makeb SPC RET
	Width:						    4em RET
	makebox position (`lr'): -			    l RET
	\makebox{???}:					    x y RET
	\underline{???}: \makebox[4em][l]{x y}		C-c l tt RET
	\underline{???}: \makebox[4em][l]{x y}{\tt }	z RET
*How can I kill \footnote{} from \footnote{HOGE}
	Put the  point to \footnote and do   C-c k.  This  will kill the
	\footnote{}.  If   you want to  kill the  whole  thing including
	HOGE, do C-u C-c k.

*I want to make HONYARA into a footnote.
	Mark HONYARA and do C-c S footnote RET.  (S in uppercase)
*I want to make the verbatim environment I have now into verbatim*.
	Do C-c c on the line with \begin{verbatim} or \end{verbatim}.
*I want to enclose a region with \verb.
	\verb isn't a maketitle-type, so there aren't any quick commands.
	But you can use C-c $ to do the same thing.
	     v            v
	     WHAT YOU NEED to make \verb
	     \verbWHAT YOU NEED to make \verb	(insert \verb)
		      ^(C-@)			(mark W)
	     \verbWHAT YOU NEED to make \verb	
		               ^C-c $	    (move point to end enclose with $)
	     \verb$WHAT YOU NEED$ to make \verb	(done!)
*I want to have commands defined on a upper level file to be read in
 when doing a typeset-region on a child file.
	When you  are editing child files  broken into sections and some
	macros to be used are defined  in upper level files, you'll need
	them to do typeset-region.  The macros  needed will be copied to
	the temporary  file  if you  add  %#REQUIRE  to the end   of the
	macro's definition.
	Say you had a grand-child file
	+-- main.tex --+  +---- sub.tex ----+  +-- subsub.tex --+
	| :            |  |%#jlatex main    |  |%#jlatex main   |
	|\include{sub} |  |\include{macros} |  |.....           |
	| :            |<-| :               |<-|%#BEGIN         |
	| :            |  | :               |  |TEXT YOU WANT   |
	| :            |  +-----------------+  |TYPESET IS      |
	+--------------+          ^            |HERE            |
	                  +-- macros.tex ---+  |%#END           |
		          |\def\foo{bar}    |  |:               |
		          |\def\hoge{hero}  |  +----------------+
	In this case you change the \include{macros} line in sub.tex to

		\include{macros} %#REQUIRE
	and add to subsub.tex
		%#REQUIRE \include{macros}
	If  %#REQUIRE is at  the top of  the line, the following will be
	copied  to the temporary file.  So,  macros.tex will be included
	only once whether you are typesetting all the  files, or doing a
	typeset-region on sub.tex or subsub.tex.
*I want to reuse ARGUMENTS I used in the last \foo{ARGUMENTS}
	Use the gmhist package.  YaTeX works fine with gmhist.  When you
	are  asked  \foo{???}: in  the mini-buffer,  hitting M-p (ESC p)
	will  get you a  history of what   you have inputted in reverse.
	M-n will  go forward in the history.   This input history can be
	used for begin-type completion, section-type completion, evoking
	the previewer, and print out commands.
	gmhist  can be  found at  many   Emacs-Lisp archive  sights. For
	Note that Emacs-19(Mule2) doesn't need gmhist for the feature of 
	minibuffer history.
*ref<->label jump doesn't work.
	C-c g will start a forward search  of ref/label.  C-u C-c g will
	start a backward search.  If  you want to continue searching for
	\ref, hit C-s (C-r) twice and use the repeated search feature of
	the incremental  search.  If  the  point to jump  is in  another
	file, that file must be already opened.  YaTeX-display-hierarchy
	(C-c d) can be used to open all files at once.
*I get a % at the end of the line when I do a fill-paragraph or auto-fill.
	NTT-jTeX will add an unnecessary space in the print out image if
	the  japanese paragraph is written   with  an indent.  To  avoid
	this, you  need to put  a % at the end  of the line.  YaTeX will
	automatically put  a  %  so you  can  input  indented   text for
	NTT-jTeX.  But there  may  be a bug in   the routine so   please
	report if you find any %s otherwise than at the end of a line.
*Isn't the indentation too deep in itemize environments?
	Think so  too?  An alias Mr.  K  thought this was  better and he
	feels an ultimate ecstacy with hitting the TAB to indent a line.
	Wasn't my idea!    (still have a bit  of  a grudge) If  you also
	think it's  too deep,   hit TAB  at  the end  of the  line  with
	\begin{itemize} within the environment.   Now it's  too shallow?
	Umm... time for me to take a break.
*Is it possible to include personal template file template.tex handily?
	Try Emacs-19's standard package `autoinsert.el' please.  Or its
	upper compatible package auto-insert-tkld might also be good.
	You can get auto-insert-tkld via anonymous ftp
*It is bothering for me to determine I should call bibtex or latex...
	Why don't you try `latexmk' perl script, which is a TeX specific 
	tool as `make'?  It detects the dependency among the TeX-related 
	files such as .tex, .bib, and so on, and will execute suitable
	commands in a suitable sequence.  You can find `latexmk' script
	in a directory of supports/latexmk in some CTAN ftp directory.
*Can I inhibit auto-filling against very long <a href="..."> line?
	If you use Emacs-19 or later, Yes.  The variable
	auto-fill-inhibit-regexp controls the filling behaviour.  To set
	this, use yatex-mode-hook as below.
	(add-hook 'yahtml-mode-hook
	          '(lambda ()
		     (setq auto-fill-inhibit-regexp
			   "^[       ]*\\(<a href\\|<img src=\\)")))
*Filling a paragraph doesn't work as I expected.	
	It is because the indentation  depth  is different from  default
	depth.    Please keep  turning   on auto-fill   to  make filling
	function  work  well.  If  you bring  some  paragraph  which has
	different  indentation from other part  of document, you have to
	re-indent it with the default indentation by  typing TAB on each
	line.  If the paragraph is large, try the next operation;
	       (1)Type C-x . on the beginning of line
	       (2)Mark paragraph to be re-indented
	       (3)Type M-C-\
	then fill the paragraph.  If  you want fill that paragraph  with
	current   indentation depth,  move the     cursor on the   first
	appearance  of  non-white-space  character  on  the  line before
[About Emacs-19/Mule2]
*Equations are too dark to read when I use hilit19.
	The default coloring of hilit19.el is too dark.  Try putting the
	next code in ~/.emacs or yatexhks.el.

	(if (and (featurep 'hilit19) (eq hilit-background-mode 'dark))
	     string 'mediumspringgreen
	     formula 'khaki
	     label 'yellow-underlined))

*Can't I use font-lock?
	Since v1.69, YES on XEmacs-21, Emacs-21, Emacs-20.7.
	Before starting YaTeX, load font-lock to make it work.  However,
	YaTeX makes   tricky   patterns  to  fontifying   logical   area
	independent from  `line', changing  of font-lock's specification
	in the future  will possibly disable YaTeX  from fontifying.  If
	you are thinking of graduating from hilit19,  it might be better
	to keep old setting about it...
*It's sooo slow when I click YaTeX on the menu bar.
	I  don't know  why.  Probably  a  problem with Emacs-19.  You'll
	just have to bear with it.  It won't be so slow the second time.
	Anyway, you probably won't use the menu at all, do you?
*Is there any way of displaying `\it' strings in the italic font?
	First, you should find the available italic font on your
	system. In, *scratch* buffer,
	  (set-face-font 'italic "-*-*-medium-i-*--*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*")
	  (set-face-font 'italic "-*-*-medium-o-*--*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*")
	and C-j (It takes very very long time!!). 
	If you get `No matches found', no way. (;_;)/~
	If you get some font name,
	for example, write
	  (set-face-font 'italic
	in your `yatexhks.el'.
*I don't use C-c b i much, so it would be better if I can start
 completion after hitting C-c b.
	Put (setq YaTeX-no-begend-shortcut t) in your ~/.emacs.
*An open parenthesis always get entered in pairs.
	This should  be better, once  you get used  to it.  If you still
	don't like    it, turn on modify-mode  using   C-c w m.  Setting
	YaTeX-close-paren-always to nil will  give this feature from the
*Funny things happen when I hit ;.
	YaTeX  think you  are  in math  mode and evokes  math-mode-image
	completion.  If you  are  writing a  equation that TeX  will not
	give an error and YaTeX mistakes what mode you are in, report it
	back to the author.   For mistaken judgements or  if you want to
	enter  a literal  ;,  hit  ;   twice.  C-u ;     to use ;   as a
	image-completion prefix.
*I want YaTeX to enter the option arguments for a newenvironment.
	Read yatexadd.doc.  If that's not  enough, read yatexgen.doc and
	try M-x YaTeX-generate.
*I first defined \foo as a macro taking 3 arguments.  Later I changed it
 to take 4 arguments, but the section-type completion will ask me for
 only 3 arguments.
  	Use C-u 4  C-c s  and tell it  will  take 4 arguments.  You  can
	change the number of arguments anytime you want.
*I made a argument-type addin function, but can't do completion after
 the first two arguments.
	If you   made a addin  function like  \foo{x}{y}{z} that takes 3
	arguments, then you  need to learn in  the dictionary that  \foo
	will  take 3 arguments.  This  can be done by  C-u  3 C-c s foo.
	You only need to do it once.
*My addin functions are overwritten by yatexadd.
	Formally,   all  private  functions  were  written   in your own
	yatexadd.el.  Now, all private functions are put in yatexhks.el.
	yatexhks.el   will  be read  in     at   the end  of     YaTeX's
	initialization, so you can overwrite definitions in yatexadd.el.
*Can I make intelligent newline work for my `mylist' environment?
	Yes.  See the section  `Intelligent newline' in the info manual.
	But if you want the same as the  intelligent newline for itemize
	environment which inserts  simply `\item', the following code is
	(fset 'YaTeX-intelligent-newline-mylist
*Mailing lists?
	A question, so an answer. The mailing list for YaTeX (Wild Bird)
	and it's  implementation to Vz Editor; LaiTeX  (Thunder Bird, by
	KATSURAGAWA Naoki), implementation  to Wz Editor; HackTeX (Swan,
	by TAKENAKA  Hiroshi), implementation to  Hidemaru Editor; HiTeX
	(Flying  Bird, by YASUDA  Haruyuki), implementation to xyzzy;
	KaTeX (by MAEDA Manabu) is  "fj Wild  Bird Society".
	Send a mail like
		Subject: subscribe
		My name is yuuji.
		See any birds fly by?
	and you're in.  Once you're in, you'll get a reply with lists of
	commands used in  the mailing list.  Join along  and help adding
	new feathers to Wild Bird.   BTW, if you haven't guessed it yet,
	yes,  this mailing  list  is in  Japanese.   But give  us a  try
	anyway.  You're always welcome.
*How to get the up-to-date information on YaTeX?
	If you can access WWW, try to see;
	And if  you trace the link  of `yatex-current', you  can get the
	really latest version of YaTeX.  Since it collects the elisps in
	the author's source directory, what  you'll get may contain some
	errors.  The author   cannot    respond to  your  query    about
*Help, help HELP!!
	Ways of getting answers in fastest order.

	*Look for someone near you who knows what's he/she's doing.
	*Post a question to the mailing list.
	*Send mail to
	take a pick.
*Picking a question in this file with C-u C-x $ and hitting C-x $ takes
 me to a weird world.
	You too?  Try  marking the question before  C-x $ and to C-x C-x
	to take you back to  it.  (Mule2 doesn't  seem to have the  same

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